BLACK BERMUDA TRIANGLE – White Conspiracy Vs. Negroes – ROCKEFELLER DRUG LAWS Part 2 of 4
Originally published July 29, 2005, @http://tabacco.myblogsite.com/ blog
Published @Blog-City originally Aug. 7, 2005
BLACK BERMUDA TRIANGLE -
WHITE CONSPIRACY AGAINST
BLACKS IN AMERICA -
ROCKEFELLER DRUG LAWS
Part 2 of 4
Originally published @ Blog-City August 7, 2005 (H: 885 + C:1)
Republished November 13, 2007 (H: 943 + C:2)
Republished April 9, 2007 (H: 1,510 + C:1 – August 28, 2009 Total H: 3,338)
Part 2 of 4 This is the 2nd of 4 articles entitled “Black Bermuda Triangle: White Conspiracy Vs. Negroes” – Yes, It Does Exist! If you have not already done so, please read Part 1, “Conspiracy Responsibility Overview”.
INTRODUCTION: The nation’s laws, especially those dealing with drug penalties, is the 1st Vertex of the “Black Bermuda Triangle” which targets people of color for prison and criminal records, which prevent them from ever holding many good jobs in our country. We have known about this conspiracy for decades. Now, it is time to give it a name and keep harping on it the way Jews harp on the Holocaust. The Jews are onto something. If you don’t keep the pressure on, the story disappears and little or nothing gets done.
Just think about AIDS. How many stories about AIDS have you read or seen on TV lately? AIDS has no cure, but the story is now dormant. The squeaky wheel gets the grease, right?
During the Cuban Missile Crisis, President John F. Kennedy received two messages from Nikita Khrushchev and the Russians. The first message was extremely threatening and volatile; the second message was more conciliatory. Listening to his brother’s advice, (Bobby Kennedy, the Attorney General), JFK ignored the first message and responded to the second one. The strategy worked, and the planet was spared World War III. This is another form of “euphemizing”. Silence or verbally ignoring a situation often leads to “dropping the subject” or reducing it to a nonentity.
We must not let this happen in the War on the “White Conspiracy Against Blacks In America”. This war must not fade away! And make no mistake about it, this is WAR!
10 MYTHS ABOUT THE ROCKEFELLER DRUG LAWS (edited by Tabacco)
Myth 1: Incarceration Serves as a Deterrent. New York State punishes drug offenses severely, yet sees no parallel reduction in offending. No person interviewed for this research mentioned fear of prison as a factor in their decision to engage or desist in drug-related or other crimes. The most common reason people gave for initially selling drugs was economic: selling drugs offered a quicker and more secure path to economic independence than any legitimate employment. Respondents described growing up in environments where criminal activity was prevalent.
Myth 2: Harsh Punishments are Justified because of the Severity of the Drug Crimes. Not surprisingly, no one in the sample believed that the severity of the Rockefeller drug laws was appropriate for the offenses they committed. While drug addiction and the drug trade are serious problems for society as a whole as well as local communities, they are certainly no more serious than violent offences such as robbery, rape and assault. Yet New York mandates severe sentences for drug-related crimes, while maintaining some judicial discretion for violent offences. Everyone interviewed for this research was a drug user and nearly everyone faced long-term addiction, indicating a public health problem more than a criminal justice problem.
Myth 3: Tough Drug Laws Reduce Drug-Related Crime. People interviewed for this report described their relatively minor roles in local drug economies and spoke about the ease of finding work selling or holding drugs. Most people sent to prison for one, three or even seven years and longer committed petty offenses, typically for sale or possession of only a few grams of illegal drugs. The subjects referred to the apparently never-ending source of low-level labor to perform their drug-related jobs after they were taken off the streets and sent to prison. In addition, the majority of subjects were spending their lives cycling in and out of prison. This research parallels findings from previous studies that show no significant correlation between high arrest and prosecution rates and reductions in offending.
Myth 4: Harsh Punishments Help People Stop Using Drugs. Respondents in the sample spoke about their lifelong efforts to overcome drug addiction. Most people in this research had served multiple prison terms and had continued to struggle with addiction in spite of any treatment they received while incarcerated.
Myth 5: Drug Laws are Fairly Applied. This research confirmed findings from other research that indicates that the people who are arrested, prosecuted, convicted and incarcerated for drug crimes are increasingly likely to be non-white and poor. In particular African-Americans are seriously over-represented in the criminal justice system across the nation and in New York, where approximately three-quarters of the inmate population comes from a handful of New York City minority communities. Yet despite this racial gap in incarceration, the most reliable statistics on drug abuse in America indicate that there are few differences in drug use across the primary racial groups. Severe drug sentences are fueled by laws that promote intensive policing of poor, minority communities, while white, affluent drug users can maintain their drug habits using computers, telephones, pagers and delivery services that make any street-level activity (where arrest is much more likely) unnecessary.
Myth 6: If a Person Wants to Stop Using Drugs, They Can. Contrary to simplistic messages such as ‘just say no,’ respondents told researchers that the relief, pleasure, income and social connections of drugs continued to prove very difficult to resist in spite of their best efforts to stay sober. Most people in the research had long histories of drug use but were also keenly aware of the harm associated with their addictions.
Myth 7: Prisoners Can Get Drug Treatment if They Want It. While some drug treatment is available in New York state prisons, it is not comprehensive, consistent or available enough to address the needs of New York’s inmate population, more than sixty percent of whom are in need of treatment. New York City’s primary jail has recently cut its principal drug treatment as a result of budgetary demands.
Myth 8: Tough Drug Laws Help Poor Communities. Drug use exists in all communities, but poor communities are targeted for increased police activity and consequently members of these communities make up the majority of the prison population. Many communities have lost significant percentages of their men, and a growing percentage of women, to incarceration.
Myth 9 : New York State Prisons Maintain the Human Rights of Inmates. Respondents in this study report numerous cases of human rights abuses. People reported witnessing or themselves being the victim of: racial harassment including slurs, taunts, sexual groping; coerced sexual relationships including trading sex for goods; forced sexual intercourse; physical assault beyond what is necessary in a prison environment to maintain order; delayed and withheld medical and related care; and excessive use of isolation. Additionally, ex-prisoners continue to face punishments upon release from prison. Punishments such as exclusion of welfare and medical benefits and job discrimination are separate from court-ordered punishments and violate the right of a person to fair punishment as applicable at the time the offense is committed.
Myth 10: The Rockefeller Drug Laws are Just. For all of the reasons cited above, this research has demonstrated that mandatory and severe drug sentences are unfair to some of the citizens of New York and therefore unacceptable to all. Because of the intrinsic inequality with which these laws are applied, they sow the seeds of discontent and exacerbate racial and economic injustice and division among the people of New York. The laws are responsible for the continued stigmatization and marginalization of large portions of the state’s minority populations and so undermine the well-being of New York and its communities. http://www.phrusa.org/research/rockefeller_laws/tenmyths.html
Rockefeller, Nelson Aldrich (1908-1979), 41st vice president of the United States (1974-1977). Rockefeller replaced Vice President Gerald R. Ford, who had become president when Richard Nixon resigned in 1974. On the Republican Party ticket, Rockefeller was elected governor of New York State in 1958, 1962, 1966, and 1970. Rockefeller unsuccessfully sought the Republican presidential nomination in 1960, 1964, and 1968. http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761560831/Rockefeller_Nelson_A(ldrich).html
ROCKEFELLER DRUG LAWS From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Rockefeller drug laws is the colloquial term used to denote the statutes dealing with the sale and possession of “narcotic” drugs in the New York State Penal Law.
The laws are named for Nelson Rockefeller, who was the state’s governor at the time the laws were adopted. Rockefeller, a staunch supporter of the bill containing the laws, signed it on May 8, 1973. Under the Rockefeller drug laws, the penalty for selling two ounces (approximately 56 grams) or more of heroin, morphine, “raw or prepared opium,” cocaine, or cannabis, including marijuana (these latter two being included in the statute even though they are not “narcotics” from a chemical standpoint), or possessing four ounces (approximately 128 grams) or more of the same substances, was made the same as that for second-degree murder: A minimum of 15 years to life in prison, and a maximum of 25 years to life in prison.
The original legislation also mandated the same penalty for committing a violent crime while under the influence of the same drugs, but this provision was subsequently omitted from the bill and was not part of the legislation Rockefeller ultimately signed. The section of the laws applying to marijuana was repealed in 1979. The adoption of the Rockefeller drug laws gave New York State the distinction of having the toughest laws of its kind in the entire United States — an approach soon imitated by the state of Michigan, which in 1978 enacted a “650-Lifer Law” which called for life imprisonment without the possibility of parole for the sale, manufacture, or even possession of at least 650 grams (approximately 1.45 pounds) of cocaine or any Schedule I or Schedule II opiate.
Both the New York and Michigan statutes have come under harsh criticism from political liberals, who see inherent unfairness in placing the non-violent crime of drug trafficking on a par with murder. The laws have also drawn intense opposition from civil rights advocates, who claim that they are applied inordinately to African-Americans, and to a lesser extent, Hispanics. Michigan’s statute was reformed somewhat in 1998, with the mandatory life sentence being reduced to a 20-year minimum, and on December 14, 2004 New York State Governor George Pataki signed legislation reducing the penalty for conviction on the most serious drug charge in that state to from 8 to 30 years in prison, depending on the defendant’s prior criminal history; in addition, the weight thresholds for the most serious charge were doubled, to four ounces in cases of sale and eight ounces in cases of possession. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rockefeller_drug_laws
(Tabacco notation: both New York and Michigan are northern States – interesting!)
WHAT THE ROCKEFELLER DRUG LAWS DO These laws are marked by racial bias. • Studies and experience have shown that the majority of people who use and sell drugs in NYS and the nation are white. • African-Americans and Latinos comprise over 92% of the drug offenders in NYS prisons. African-Americans, 53.6%; Latinos, 38.5%; whereas whites make up only 6.5%. http://www.campusaction.net/news/issues/Racism/drop_the_rock/rockafeller_fact_sheet_2005.htm
CAN WE GET RID OF THE ROCKEFELLER DRUG LAWS?
(Tabacco: Please note the dates of the following 3 edited articles)
Reforming Rockefeller Drug Laws By Michelle Goldberg, Salon.
Posted August 6, 2002.
Fed up with draconian drug penalties, a coalition led by angry mothers is threatening to overturn some of the country’s harshest laws.
Revisions to New York Rockefeller Drug Laws Embrace the Status Quo December 8, 2004
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Contact: email@example.com Changes Represent Reform in Name Only, Civil Liberties Group Charges
NEW YORK–The New York Civil Liberties Union today charged that legislation passed in Albany, while reducing the most severe mandatory sentences for drug offenses, leaves in place a sentencing scheme that is inherently unfair and unjust. Even with the proposed revisions, New York still has the harshest drug-sentencing laws in the country.
“Absent structural changes to the Rockefeller Drug Laws – which requires restoring to judges the authority to order treatment as an alternative to sentencing – we will not have meaningful reform,” said Donna Lieberman, the NYCLU’s Executive Director. The new law will leave in place a sentencing procedure that gives prosecutors authority to charge and sentence. Prosecutors can demand a sentence of ten years for an addict with no criminal record who is induced by a dealer to deliver four ounces of a drug to a buyer.
A judge who believes justice — and the public interest — would be best served by ordering the defendant to treatment rather than prison is prevented from doing so. “The concern is that a small first step will be characterized as meaningful reform; that the legislation will give political cover to apologists for the status quo,” said Robert Perry, the NYCLU’s Legislative Director.
“The fight for real reform begins on the first day of the 2005 legislative session.” The new law will also do little or nothing to reform the harsh sentences imposed on “B” felons, those charged with lesser drug offenses, the NYCLU said. For example, an individual who is caught with a gram of a controlled substance, but has a prior offense for illegal use of food stamps, faces 3 _ to 12 years in prison. The majority of drug offenders serving time in New York prisons are non-violent B felons. http://www.aclu.org/DrugPolicy/DrugPolicy.cfm?ID=17169&c=19
(Article edited by Tabacco; for complete article go to website above)
Documentary Following Russell Simmons’ Fight Against Rockefeller Drug Laws In Production By Jay Casteel
Friday – May 27, 2005
Russell Simmons Photo Credit: N/A
For the past two years, hip-hop and fashion mogul, Russell Simmons, has helped a national campaign to educate the public and reform the Rockefeller Drug Laws — the draconian and unfair New York State laws created in 1973 by then Governor Nelson Rockefeller to dissuade illegal drug offenders. In an attempt to education and further expose the unfair laws that have left tens of thousands of families’ loved ones incarcerated for 15, 20, 25 years to life, many as first time non-violent offenders, a new documentary following Simmons’ fight to reform those laws has been created.
Don’t Believe the Hype – False Drug War Victory in NY
by Anthony Papa
I opened my mail and then Googled the Rockefeller Drug Law news in New York. My eyes lit up when I saw the many headlines outlining a tentative agreement had been reached on Rockefeller reform. At first, I was apprehensive: I didn’t want this to be another false hope. Since my release in 1997 after serving a 12-year sentence under these laws, I’ve fought tooth and nail for repeal.
As I continued to check the news I was appalled by what I saw. Politicians were issuing press releases disguised as congratulatory statement, claiming credit for the victory. This was no victory. It was a sell-out to quiet the rage that activists have felt for many years about this issue. I urge those who have been in the trenches many years fighting for true reform to keep up the pressure and fight to change the power structure behind the Rockefeller Drug Laws. Let’s push harder now to give back judges discretion and seek freedom for the 19,000 individuals and their families that were left behind in this false victory. Let’s not leave things undone and put the finishing touch on this project before we all pat ourselves on our backs.
Anthony Papa is the author of 15 to Life (Feral House) http://www.corporatemofo.com/stories/041226papa.htm
DROP THE ROCK
For more information, or to have a Drop the Rock member speak at your school, organization or other group, please email firstname.lastname@example.org
MAKE YOUR VOICE HEARD! Drop the Rock is also conducting a Voter Registration Drive. Because NYS law denies individuals in prison or on parole the right to vote, the drug laws have effectively disenfranchised thousands of poor African-American and Latino people and drained political power from poor NYC communities of color. Through the voter registration drive, Drop the Rock aims to restore a significant voice to communities that have been stripped of political influence, create awareness about the injustices associated with NY drug policy and felon disenfranchisement, and pressure government officials to repeal the drug laws.
BECOME A DROP THE ROCK VOTER!
For a Drop the Rock Voter Pledge Form, CLICK HERE. For a Drop the Rock Fact Sheet, CLICK HERE or http://droptherock.cjb.net CLICK HERE for a printable “EDUCATION NOT INCARCERATION” DTR Poster Hang this poster in your community, school, workplace, or home! http://www.droptherock.org/
(Tabacco Speaks: The following paragraph (after the Lewis Carroll quote) is the most astute paragraph I’ve read the last two weeks concerning the Rockefeller Drug Laws!)
The Queen had only one way of settling all difficulties, great or small. “Off with his head!” she said without even looking round. Lewis Carroll, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland
Legislative Memo: Rockefeller Drug Laws NYCLU Strongly Supports Reform
The first thing to recognize is that drug use is a criminal problem only because we have made it one. When drug use becomes drug abuse it is first and foremost a medical problem. Yet by seeking to impose criminal sanctions to limit both use and abuse of drugs, we have taken what is at worst a medical problem and turned it into a crime problem. The most serious harms associated with the drug trade derive from the criminalization of drugs and not from the drug use itself: addicts may steal to support a drug habit made more expensive by the artificially high prices of an illegal market; dealers will resort to violence since the courts are not available as enforcement tools in commercial disputes.
The NYCLU has long maintained that regulation, not criminal prohibition, of drugs would be the most effective means of reducing drug abuse and violence and petty crime associated with an illegal drug trade. Alcohol prohibition, and its repeal, should have taught us that lesson. http://www.nyclu.org/rockefeller.html
Interested Persons Memo on Crack/Powder Cocaine Sentencing Policy May 21, 2002
To: Interested Persons From: American Civil Liberties Union Re: Crack/Powder Cocaine Sentencing Policy Date: May 21, 2002
For nearly a decade, the ACLU and other civil rights organizations have opposed the disparity in sentencing for equal amounts of crack and powder cocaine. We are writing to ask Congress to take decisive action to address this disparity. http://www.aclu.org/DrugPolicy/DrugPolicy.cfm?ID=10360&c=229
Tabacco Comments: Q. Why don’t we get rid of the Rockefeller Drug Laws? A. It is naïve to ascribe noble motives to the Rockefeller Drug Laws. There is a reason why there is such disparity in criminal penalties between crack sale & use (the cheaper Black & Hispanic drug of choice) and cocaine sale & use (the drug of choice for wealthy Whites). Violence, ascribed to crack, is an excuse, not the reason.
The reason is not just racism. It goes deeper than that. The bottom line in almost any unfair and detestable policy in the United States is usually the almighty $. And the Rockefeller Drug Laws are no different. There is money to be made in the judicial & prison system. That is the reason the politicos and “Have Mores” resist diminishing or vanquishing the Rockefeller Drug Laws. That and the possibility that they, themselves, might actually get busted – for cocaine, not crack.
You think judges and Congressmen don’t get high? What have you been abusing? Whenever you think the reason is something else, rethink your position – it’s money. It’s always money. Connecting the dots ain’t that hard. Just put your prejudices and preconceived notions in the hall closet, take off that hat that’s choking off the blood trying to get to your brain, open your eyes and nose, and sniff – the smell is money. Why would it ever be anything else?
This is America, the launching pad of Capitalism. Bush would rather leave our Mexican borders unprotected than prevent illegal immigration and the entry of possible terrorists. Why? Money, that’s why. The Mexicans represent cheap labor and future prison inmates. And there is money in prisons. Deep Throat told those Washington Post reporters to “follow the money”. It was a great idea then; it is just as great an idea now. “Follow the money”! And you will know why everything happens in America. If it ain’t sex, it’s got to be money.
Other relevant websites re Rockefeller Drug Laws:
AMERICA’S SECRET WAR http://www.cybertown.com/crack.html New Sentencing Chart for Drug Offenses Under Rockefeller Drug Law Reform
http://www.communityalternatives.org/articles/sentencing_chart.html http://www.answers.com/topic/rockefeller-drug-laws http://www.campusaction.net/news/issues/Racism/drop_the_rock/rockafeller_fact_sheet_2005.htm http://www.democracynow.org/article.pl?sid=04/12/08/1520214 http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/Misc/coughlin.htm http://www.drugpolicy.org/library/bibliography/rockefeller/ http://www.drugpolicy.org/statebystate/newyork/rockefellerd/index.cfm http://www.gothamgazette.com/article/issueoftheweek/20010226/200/160 http://www.hrw.org/campaigns/drugs/ http://www.hrw.org/press/2001/07/nyass-crt0712.htm http://judiciary.senate.gov/testimony.cfm?id=267&wit_id=578 http://www.november.org/razorwire/rzold/07/0704.html http://www.nysba.org/Content/ContentGroups/State_Bar_News1/2005_issues/January_February_2005/Legislature_Acts_on_Rockefeller_Drug_Law_Reform.htm http://www.nysda.org/Hot_Topics/Rockefeller_Drug_Laws/rockefeller_drug_laws.html http://www.phrusa.org/research/rockefeller_laws/news_20040928.html http://www.prdi.org/rocklawfact.html http://www.state.ny.us/governor/press/year03/july15_3_03.htm http://talkleft.com/new_archives/000744.html http://www.reconsider.org/issues/rockefeller/rockefeller_drug_laws.htm ………………………………………………………
Please note that although this article sticks closely to New York State’s Rockefeller Drug Law, Michigan’s drug statutes are almost as draconian. But the proof of the pudding is in the eating. Many other States, including the Southeastern U. S. have a very high % of Blacks in their prison system. So the State laws are only part of the problem. Even without Rockefeller, the other 49 States have managed to contribute substantially to the conspiracy against people of color – specifically Blacks and Hispanics.
http://stopthedrugwar.org/chronicle/340/sortof.shtml Arise Clergy Coalition.jpg
Tabacco: I consider myself both a funnel and a filter. I funnel information, not readily available on the Mass Media, which is ignored and/or suppressed. I filter out the irrelevancies and trivialities to save both the time and effort of my Readers and bring consternation to the enemies of Truth & Fairness! When you read Tabacco, if you don’t learn something NEW, I’ve wasted your time.
Tabacco is not a blogger, who thinks; I am a Thinker, who blogs. Speaking Truth to Power!
In 1981′s ‘Body Heat’, Kathleen Turner said, “Knowledge is power”.
T.A.B.A.C.C.O. (Truth About Business And Congressional Crimes Organization) – Think Tank For Other 95% Of World: WTP = We The People